The oldest kilns in Europe in the Conero
An operating bakery dawn of human civilization, near the sea of Portonovo.
some of which in the last campaign of excavations, in Portonovo in Marche, a team of archaeologists has unearthed 16 circular kilns, covered with baked clay, varying in diameter from 1.60 to 1.80 meters, with walls, once and mouth very well conservate.All finds, dating back to 7,000 years ago, they were supposedly intended to panificazione.Una exceptional discovery because you do not know other sites with similar "specialized concentrations of structures" neither in Italy nor in all Mediterranean zone. Also, since the area so far investigated, there are no traces of dwellings, this discovery opens the field to possible scenarios yet to be rebuilt. The high number of furnaces, also admitted that they were not in use at the same time, can make you think of a place used as a point of reference periodically by groups who gravitated in the area. In addition, the presence of two "" human remains ovens relevant to more people is adding to the symbolic value of these structures, reused as a burial place. "The hypothesis of the" bread oven "comes from the bottom of the form once, which would be inconvenient for the firing of ceramics and from the evidence that the temperatures used were not high, although the confirmation at archaeometric analyzes that are in progress some samples we have taken. "- says Cecilia Conati -" but do not rule out that the structures have been used for the processing also of other foods: the discovery of burnt cereals and many millstones and grinders for us is a further indication in this sense. " Archaeologists have arrived in Portonovo due to the reporting of some local enthusiasts who in 1999 helped to locate the remains of a Neolithic settlement, refers to a community of 7000 years ago. In 2006, thanks to the Superintendence for Archaeological Heritage of the Marches, were made some direct exploratory essays by Dr. Mara Silvestrini. Since 2011, there is an ongoing systematic excavation project by the Sapienza University, led by Professor Alessandra Manfredini and Cecilia Conati Barbaro, who has now led to this first goal. A door Sapienza archaeologists revealed a high concentration of ovens to bake from the Neolithic on the Conero promontory.