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Potentia at Porto Recanati

archaeological area of Potentia

In autumn 2011, they were carried out archaeological stratigraphic essays on the occasion of maintenance of a water pipeline section, with a length of ca. 160 m, falling fully within the area subject to archaeological restrictions, as stated by the Roman colony of Potentia, founded in 184 BC In particular the work involved the near-end of Highway 16, in the large rural area located in NO with respect to the settlement portion excavated between 1980 and 2000 and made available to the public. During maintenance work it should be noted that in reality the water pipeline at the time of its original installation in the 70s and 80s, had already intercepted and destroyed walls and surfaces due certainly to the buildings that are part of the urban network of Potentia . Along the route five archaeological assays were opened at the points in which had been intercepted wall structures and the archaeological deposits, all protruding slightly below the current campaign plan. It is mainly for short sections of walls made of brick material reuse, all with NS orientation / EO, aligned implant urban, which define different environments with the relative floor levels, among which have emerged a portion of apparatus and a mosaic extended pavement in opus spicatum. The walls are made of double layer of shingles to broken fins and inner core chips in brickwork and ceramic fragments reused (anforacei, dolia), using as a binder very compact clay and fine gravel. This type seems to be that of various wall structures visible inside the archaeological already investigated, placed at the same height. The abandonment layers have yielded fragments of pottery assignable, so for now only approximate, late imperial age.

Inside the essay 1 have been removed several layers of underground and a collapse of white plaster layer, until reaching a portion of preparatory screed mortar, probably to a functional original brick paving, evidenced by the presence of two bricks still in Yes you. The screed is cut from a large pit of divestiture, within which there are a layer of earth clay, very hard, and brick material wedged and tilted, so as to indicate that the pit (not fully excavated) can be still pretty deep. The best preserved wall structure, disclosed to the height of its foundation, has undergone several renovations, both in the East and in the West facing.

Noteworthy turns out to be the discovery, in the essay 2, of a portion of mosaic decoration in white tiles, obliterated by a collapse level of bricks, inside which showed a fragment of marble in writing. Whether the mosaic, is the collapse, they are largely cut, in ancient times, by a large spoliation pit, which returned, among other things, a coin dated to the second half of the fourth century A.D.

The essays 4 and 5, located at the end of the intervention, each on both sides of the duct, are the most extensive (in particular the 5 assay measuring 7x3 m) and have brought to light, to below a collapse of important brick roof elements (roof tiles and roof tiles), a large opus spicatum floor, bounded by perimeter walls partially preserved and explored only for short distances, which seem to define a large rectangular room with NS orientation. The floor show two different textures of spicatum, perpendicular to each other and contiguous, which could perhaps circumstantial a different use of each part of the room, the center of which is located a circular cockpit, realized with brick fragments and ended at the top by large segments of sandstone, one of which provided with a circular hole. The numerous fragments of animal bones discovered on the floor showed obvious traces of slaughter, so much so that to assume that we can deal with a combined handling meat, belonging to a complex dating back to Late Antiquity.
    Useful contacts
    Address: Via S. Maria in Potenza
    Common: Porto Recanati
    Phone: +39071.7591872 (Visitors)
    Fax: +39071.7599767
    E-mail: info@portorecanatiturismo.it
    Website: www.archeomarche.beniculturali.it

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